Austempering is a specialized heat treatment process used to fortify metals.  It amplifies several of the desirable properties ductile iron castings already possess — including strength, abrasion resistance, and toughness. Austempered ductile iron (ADI) castings — aka austenitic ductile castings — are often employed in mission-critical, high-demand applications, for parts that must withstand extreme stresses — in particular the construction and mining, agriculture, automotive, heavy truck, and railroad industries.

Our Austempering Partner

Exceptional ADI castings start with exceptional ductile iron. Urick Foundry's castings are among the industry's highest in graphite nodularity, a key factor in successful austempering. Applied Process, a world-class expert in metal heat treatments, recognizes this consistency and is proud to work with us as our exclusive austempering partner.

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AUSTEMPERING PROCESS

Like other heat treatments for metals, austempering begins by heating a ductile iron part to a temperature of between 1550° and 1700° F, which loosens the molecular structure and allows for increased carbon absorption. Where it differs is the salt quench — immersion of the part in a bath of molten salt (between 450° F to 750° F), rather than oil or water. Because the temperature of the salt bath is held constant over a longer period of time, carbon absorption and structural consistency are improved as the part cools, resulting in a stronger near-net shape product. 

Benefits of ADI Castings

Lightweight strength

ADI is up to three times stronger than aluminum, and up to 2.3 times as stiff. This means more resilient parts can be achieved with less material, trimming weight from the final product.

Near-net shape products

Other heat treatments can leave metals prone to distortion or cracking as part surfaces and interiors cool at different rates. As an isothermal process, austempering avoids this pitfall.

Cost-effective solution

Per pound, austempered ductile iron parts offer a similar tensile strength to steel with superior yield strength — all in one piece. No additional forging, welding, or fabrication is required. 

ASTM A897 / 897M-06 Austempered Ductile Iron Grades

Urick is capable of providing various grades of austempered ductile iron (ADI) castings through a trusted partner, in accordance with the latest standards set forth by ASTM International. 

Prior Designation Grade

Tensile Strength (MPa/KSI)

Yield Strength (MPa/KSI)

Elongation (%)

Impact Energy (J/Lb-Ft.)

Typical Hardness BHN
1 900-650-09 900/130 650/90 9 100/75 269-341
2 1050-750-07 1050/150 750/110 7 80/60 302-375
3 1200-850-04 1200/175 850/125 4 60/45 341-444
4 1400-1100-02 1400/200 1100/155 2 35/25 388-477
5 1600-1300-01 1600/230 1300/185 1 20/15 402-512

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

When is it necessary to austemper ductile iron?

It's necessary to austemper ductile iron for extreme applications wherein only the strong survive. ADI is often used in construction and mining, agriculture, automotive, heavy truck, and railroad applications.

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